Scope of the Problem
An estimated 683,000 adult women are raped each year.
More than half of all rapes occur before age 18; 22% occur before the age of 12, and 32% occur between the ages of 12-17.
Up to 85% of rapes go unreported. Between 1992-2000, 36% of rapes, 34% of attempted rapes, and 26% of sexual assaults were reported to police.
Approximately half of female victims are raped by someone they know; on college campuses, as many as 95% of rapes are committed by someone the woman knows.
Of the cases of forcible rape reported in 1993, only 53% led to the arrest of the alleged perpetrator.
- 59% of rape victims who reported to the police received medical treatment for their injuries, compared to 17% of rape victims who did not make police reports.
Rape in America: A report to the Nation. National Victim Center, 1992.
Violence Against Women report: estimates from the redesigned survey. Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice, 1995.
Prevalence, Incidence, and Consequences of Violence Against Women: Findings from the National Violence Against Women Survey. National Institute of Justice and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1998.
Injury Factbook 2001-2002. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2002.
Rape and Sexual Assault: Reporting to Police and Medical Attention, 1992-2000. U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics.
What We Know